Developing Effective Lesson Plans for Teaching English as a Second Language
Admin - Nov 15 2015
An effective lesson plan is the backbone of your repertoire as a teacher. You want a lesson that motivates your pupils, provides useful and necessary language practice and helps students practice their English skills. Two teachers may tackle a lesson plan in different ways but they would still rely on the lesson plan to help them in the classroom. All teachers need to make smart decisions about the strategies and method they will use to help students achieve their language goals. The more organized a teacher is, the more effective the lesson and writing daily lesson plans is a huge part of being an organized teacher.
Steps in creating topnotch lesson plans
Before you can create an effective lesson you first need to determine your main topic for the lesson. There should be one main topic related to teaching English as a second language. Main topics can be verbs, sentence structure or vocabulary. Anything that students need to learn to communicate effectively in English can be the main topic of the lesson.
Once you set a main topic for the lesson you need to determine the standard or lesson objective. Objectives limit the scope of the lesson and provide you focus for the daily lesson. There can be any number of objectives for the day depending on the length of the lesson and the main topic but on the average there can between two to five objectives. Discard any unnecessary information that does not meet your objective. This can be quite challenging as you might be tempted to discuss topics that might be off target.
Objectives should be measurable and each objective should be focused on the students. For example if you were going to cover the main topic of sentence structure you can set objectives of students being able to differentiate between the types of sentences and demonstrating it by using different sentence structures in a sample story. These objectives are all measurable and they are all related to the topic of sentence structure.
The next step in creating an effective lesson plan is developing a direction towards attaining the objectives. You need to decide on how to teach the content according to the levels and needs of the learners. You also need to control how you use your time in the classroom. Effective teachers must plan for the productive use of classroom time.
The more effective English lesson plan will incorporate student activities. This is where the students practice the main topic of the lesson and use what they learned. Activities could include games, writing, speaking or peer activities.
Finally, there should be some kind of feedback to determine if the lesson has deficiencies. Feedback will assist the teacher in finding out if the students have met the lesson plan objectives. Evaluations can range from the formal such as quizzes to the informal like one-on-one evaluation.
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